Adam N. Stulberg

Associate Professor
Co-Director for Center of International Strategy, Technology, and Policy (CISTP) ~ Georgia Tech

Prof. Adam N. Stulberg specializes in international relations; Russian/Eurasian politics and security affairs; and science, technology, and international security policy. His current research focuses on the implications of different types of “principal-agent” problems for explaining energy statecraft in Eurasia, strategic confidence-building in South Asia, credible bargaining for cooperative security, military transformation, nuclear fuel supply guarantees, and decentralization and control in the nuclear sector.

Prof. Stulberg served as a Political Consultant in Residence at RAND from 1987-1997, and as a Senior Research Associate at the Center for Nonproliferation Studies (CNS), Monterey Institute of International Studies (1997-1998). Since 1997, he has worked closely with Senator Sam Nunn drafting policy recommendations and background studies on future directions for the U.S. Cooperative Threat Reduction Program, building regional and energy security regimes in Central Asia and the South Caucasus, and engaging Russia’s regional power centers. In addition, Prof. Stulberg was a post-doctoral fellow at CNS (2000-2001), and has been a consultant to the Carnegie Corporation of New York (2000-present) and the Director, Office of Net Assessment, Office of the U.S. Secretary of Defense (2000-present). Prof. Stulberg’s books include: Well-Oiled Diplomacy: Strategic Manipulation and Russia’s Energy Statecraft in Eurasia (SUNY Press); (with Michael D. Salomone) Managing Military Transformation: Agency, Culture, and Service Change (Ashgate Academic Press); and (with James Clay Moltz and Vladimir A. Orlov, eds), Preventing Nuclear Meltdown: Managing Decentralization of Russia’s Nuclear Complex (Ashgate Academic Press). He also has published articles in Security Studies, Foreign Affairs, Europe-Asia Studies, Orbis, The Nonproliferation Review, Geopolitics, Survival, and Contemporary Security Policy.

CV File

William Potter

Sam Nunn and Richard Lugar Professor and Director
Co-Director for Center of International Strategy, Technology, and Policy (CISTP) ~ Georgia Tech
James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Monterey Institute of International Studies (MIIS)

Dr. William Potter is Sam Nunn and Richard Lugar Professor of Nonproliferation Studies and Director of the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Monterey Institute of International Studies (MIIS). He also directs the MIIS Center for Russian and Eurasian Studies.

He is the author of Chinese and Russian Perspectives on Achieving Nuclear Zero (2009), Nuclear Profiles of the Soviet Successor States (1993), Soviet Decisionmaking for Chernobyl: An Analysis of System Performance and Policy Change (1990), and Nuclear Power and Nonproliferation: An Interdisciplinary Perspective (1982), co-author of The Four Faces of Nuclear Terrorism (2005), and Tactical Nuclear Weapons: Options for Control (2000), the editor of Verification and SALT: The Challenge of Strategic Deception (1980), Verification and Arms Control (1985), and International Nuclear Trade and Nonproliferation (1990), the co-editor of Engaging China and Russia on Nuclear Disarmament (2009) and The Global Politics of Combating Nuclear Terrorism: A Supply Side Approach (forthcoming, 2009), Dangerous Weapons, Desperate States (1999), Dismantling the Cold War: U.S. and NIS Perspectives on the Nunn-Lugar Cooperative Threat Reduction Program (1997), Soviet Decisionmaking for National Security (1984), The Nuclear Suppliers and Nonproliferation (1985), Continuity and Change in Soviet-East European Relations (1989), and International Missile Bazaar: The New Suppliers' Network (1994). Dr. Potter has contributed chapters and articles to over one hundred scholarly books and journals.

He has served as a consultant to the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, the RAND Corporation, and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. He has been a member of several committees of the National Academy of Sciences and currently serves on the National Academy of Sciences Nonproliferation Panel.

His present research focuses on nuclear terrorism and forecasting proliferation developments. He is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the Pacific Council on International Policy, and served for five years on the UN Secretary-General's Advisory Board on Disarmament Matters and the Board of Trustees of the UN Institute for Disarmament Research. He currently serves on the International Advisory Board of the Center for Policy Studies in Russia (Moscow). He was an advisor to the delegation of Kyrgyzstan to the 1995 NPT Review and Extension Conference and to the 1997, 1998, 1999, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2007 and 2008 sessions of the NPT Preparatory Committee, as well as to the 2000 and 2005 NPT Review Conferences.

Core Contributors

Anya Loukianova

PhD Student
University of Maryland (College Park)

Anya Loukianova is a PhD student at the University of Maryland's School of Public Policy and a graduate assistant at the Center for International and Security Studies at Maryland (CISSM). Her research focuses on security cooperation and confidence-building measures in U.S.-Russian and NATO-Russian relations. From 2007-2009, she was a research associate at the Monterey Institute's James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies (CNS) in Monterey, CA. At CNS, she focused on nuclear and missile developments in Russia and the newly independent states as well as U.S. nonproliferation policies, particularly civil highly enriched uranium minimization.

Eric Lorber

PhD Student
Duke University

Eric is a JD candidate at the University of Pennsylvania Law School and a Ph.D. candidate in Political Science at Duke University. He is an adjunct staff member at the Institute for Defense Analyses and has worked at the RAND Corporation. He has served on the Iran Sanctions desk in the U.S. Department of Treasury’s Office of Terrorist Financing and Financial Intelligence. He has also advised Fortune 500 companies on U.S. sanctions law – as well as establishing sanctions compliance programs – for Gibson, Dunn, & Crutcher, L.L.P. Eric is a member of the Project on Strategic Stability Evaluation at Georgia Tech and the Monterrey Institute and was previously a fellow at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. Eric has written on cyber warfare, economic sanctions, the credibility of security assurances, and civil-military relations. His most recent works include: “Executive Warmaking Authority and Offensive Cyber Operations: Can Existing Legislation Successfully Constrain Presidential Power?” 15 University of Pennsylvania Journal of Constitutional Law (forthcoming November 2012); “Turning a Blind Eye: Towards a Theory of Punishment in Civil-Military Relations” (with Daniel Bessner), Armed Forces and Society (Forthcoming 2012); and “Containing Iran: What Does It Mean?” (with Dalia Dassa Kaye), Middle East Policy (Spring 2012). At the University of Pennsylvania Law School, Eric is an Articles Editor on the University of Pennsylvania Journal of Constitutional Law, a member of the Moot Court Board, and the President of the National Security Society. Eric holds a BA, magna cum laude and with departmental honors, in political science from Columbia University, where he won the Charles Beard Prize for academic excellence. He also holds an MA in War Studies from King’s College, London, where he wrote on the influence of scientific communities on nuclear weapons programs.

Huaping Liu

Associate Professor
Beijing Language and Culture University

Associate professor in International History, Arms Control, International Security at Beijing Language and Culture University. She acquired her BA and MA in History from Beijing Normal University before taking her PhD in International Relations at Beijing Foreign Affairs University. She studied at Centre of International Studies, University of Cambridge UK, as a visiting scholar from 2004 to 2005. Her research interests cover the areas of arms control, non-proliferation, Sino-EU Relations, NGOs, currently focus on the issues of missile defense and nuclear disarmament.

Jiegen Zhang

Assistant Researcher
Fudan University

Dr. Jiegen Zhang is a research fellow at Center for South Asia Studies, Fudan University’s Institute of International Studies. He is also a member of Arms control Program directed by Professor Shen Dingli at Center for American Studies, Fudan University. During 2000-2007, he studied at Fudan University’s School of International Relations and Public Affairs as graduate student and Ph.D. student. His study interest is mainly focus on South Asia, Arms Control, Strategic and Security Issues. He is now doing some research on “Indian Ocean and China’s Maritime Security” as a Visiting Scholar at SAIS, Johns Hopkins University.

Julia Fetisova

Russian Center for Policy Studies

Dr. Julia Fetisova is a Consultant with the PIR Center (Russian Center for Policy Studies) in Moscow. In April-June 2012 she worked with SIPRI's Arms Control and Non-Proliferation Programme as a guest researcher looking into the prospects of NATO-Russia security cooperation. From 2010 to early 2011 she worked as a senior lecturer at Omsk State Technical University where she taught a course on national security. She holds a Ph.D. from Omsk State University (2009). Her Ph.D. dissertation was focused on the phenomenon of security culture and examined cultural determinants of states’ security behaviour, including of the so-called “critical choices” such as nuclear strategy and the use of force. In 2006 she graduated from the faculty of history at Omsk State University with specialization in regional studies and German language. Her academic interests include national security processes and outcomes, security thinking in a changing security environment, strategic culture theory, and nuclear non-proliferation / arms control.

Lu Yin

Associate Researcher 
Institute for Strategic Studies, National Defense University

Lt. Col LU Yin is currently an associate researcher in the Institute for Strategic Studies (ISS) of National Defense University (NDU) of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA).

She joined the PLA in 1994.  Her earlier professional career includes working as an assistant designer of the courses for foreign military students in the College of Defense Studies (CDS), NDU and later a foreign affairs officer for NDU, coordinating international academic exchange and cooperation of the university.  In 2006, she joined the Institute for Strategic Studies (ISS) of NDU and began her academic career.  Her main research areas cover arms control, disarmament, non-proliferation and regional security issues.  

In addition to her academic work in NDU, she also works as a consultant for some departments of the headquarters of the PLA and the Foreign Affairs Office of the Ministry of National Defense.

She was a visiting scholar in the Institute for Security and Development Policy in Stockholm in 2009-2010.  And she has been chosen to be one of the core members of POSSE (the Project on Strategic Stability Evaluation) , a joint project of the Center for International Strategy, Technology, and Policy (CISTP) of Georgia Institute of Technology and the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies (CNS) at the Monterey Institute of International Studies.  

In the past years, she took part in some international conferences such as Security Forum between China and South Korea, US-China Strategic Dialogue, Berlin Conference on Asian Security, the 2012 Wilton Park Conference on Global constituencies in the NPT regime etc.  As a member of official Chinese delegations, she attended the Shangri-La Dialogue in Singapore and the ADSOM PLUS meeting in Cambodia in 2012.

Her main publications include the research paper entitled Challenges to Non-Proliferation in Northeast Asia and Possible Solutions for ISDP, co-author of the book entitled Crisis Management of the Korean Peninsula and Multilateral Security Cooperation in the Asia-Pacific At present, she is engaged in several research projects on multilateral nuclear disarmament, the nuclear issues concerning DPRK and Iran, and China-US military to military relations.

LU Yin is married and lives in Beijing.

Nikita Perfilyev

External Relations Officer

Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization

Nikita Perfilyev is External Relations Officer at the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization. In 2008-2011 he was a Fulbright fellow at Monterey Institute of International Studies, where he completed an M.A. in International Policy Studies and a Certificate in Nonproliferation Studies while also serving as a Research Assistant at the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies. In 2007-2008 he worked at the Russian Center for Policy Studies (PIR Center) as a researcher and Security Index journal editor. During the fall of 2006, he was a Washington Group International sponsored intern at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington, DC. He graduated with distinction from Tomsk State University in Russia and his research interests include China's nonproliferation and nuclear policy, US-Russia-China strategic relations, and Russia's energy policy.

Nina Rozhanovskaya

Post Graduate Researcher
Tomsk University

Nina Rozhanovskaya is a PhD student at the Tomsk State University, Russia (History Department, World Politics Chair) and holds a Master of Arts degree in Political Science from the Central European University, Budapest. She has taken part in the Visiting Fellows Program at the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies, Monterey. At present Nina teaches an introductory course on nonproliferation at her university and coordinates various aspects of the TSU cooperation with the Swedish Nuclear Safety Authority, Stockholm. Her academic interests include nuclear nonproliferation, history of atomic weapons development, foreign policy decision-making, rational choice theory, and European integration.

Petr Topychkanov

Program Coordinator
Carnegie Moscow - Nonproliferation Program

Petr Topychkanov graduated in 2009 with his Ph.D. in History from the Institute of Asian and African Studies, Moscow State University. He is the coordinator of the Carnegie Moscow Center’s Nonproliferation Program from 2006, a senior researcher at the International Security Center of the Institute of World Economy and International Relations of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IMEMO RAN) from 2010 and a member of the editorial board of the Nuclear Club Journal (Moscow, Russia) from 2009.

Philipp C. Bleek

Assistant Professor
Monterey Institute for International Studies

Philipp Bleek is a Fellow at CNS and an Assistant Professor in the Graduate School of International Policy and Management.

During the 2012-13 academic year, he will take a faculty leave to serve as Senior Advisor to the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Nuclear, Chemical, and Biological Defense Programs under a Council on Foreign Relations International Affairs Fellowship in Nuclear Security.

He served on President Obama's nonproliferation policy advisory team during the 2008 campaign. He has been a Visiting Fellow at the Center for Strategic and International Studies and a Non-Resident Fellow at the Center for a New American Security, where he worked with former Secretary of the Navy Richard Danzig on bioterrorism policy. He has also been a Visiting Fellow at the Global Public Policy Institute and a Visiting Scholar at the John-F.-Kennedy-Institut of the Freie Universität, both in Berlin.

He taught an undergraduate seminar at Georgetown and has also been an instructor in the Department of Defense Senior Leader Development Program for rising mid-career civilians. He first worked on weapons of mass destruction issues as a Herbert Scoville Jr. Peace Fellow, hosted by the Federation of American Scientists and the Arms Control Association.

He holds a Ph.D. in international relations from the Government Department at Georgetown University, a master in public policy from the Harvard Kennedy School, and a bachelor's degree from Princeton University's Woodrow Wilson School. He is a Fellow of the Truman National Security Project and a member of the International Institute for Strategic Studies.

Riqiang Wu

Associate Professor
School of International Studies, Renmin University of China

Wu Riqiang, is Associate Professor at School of International Studies, Renmin University of China. He received his Ph.D. in politics from Tsinghua University in 2012. Before that, he worked for six years at the China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation ?CASIC? as a missile designer. He visited MIT's Science, Technology and Global Security Working Group (STGS) during the 2009 fall semester. He was a 2010/2011 Stanton Nuclear Security Fellow at CISAC (the Center for International Security and Cooperation), Stanford University. His current work focuses on arms control, including missile defense, space security, and strategic stability.

Todd S. Sechser

Assistant Professor
University of Virginia

Todd S. Sechser (Ph.D., Stanford, 2007) is Assistant Professor of Politics at the University of Virginia and a Stanton Nuclear Security Fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations.  His research interests include military coercion, the role of nuclear weapons in international politics, and the sources and consequences of military doctrine. Sechser's work has been published in International Organization, International Studies Quarterly, and the Journal of Conflict Resolution.  His dissertation, "Winning Without a Fight: Power, Reputation, and Compellent Threats in International Crises," won the 2008 Walter Isard Award for the best dissertation in peace science.  Prior to coming to Virginia, Sechser held fellowships at the Center for International Security and Cooperation (Stanford), the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs (Harvard), and the Olin Institute for Strategic Studies (Harvard).


Zhenming Zhong

Associate Professor
Tongji University - School of Political Science and International Relations

Dr. ZHONG Zhenming is an Associate Professor of School of Political Science and International Relations, Tongji University. He got his Ph. D. on international relations at Fudan University in 2003 and received training in international relations pedagogy at China Foreign Affairs University in 2006. He teaches American Foreign Policy, EU Economy and Politics, and Modern History of International Relations in Tongji University. His main academic interests are international security and defense affairs, American foreign policy, EU governance and international relations theory. He has published extensively on international security and defense affairs.

Affiliated Faculty

Jeffrey Lewis

Adjunct Professor and Director of East Asia Non-Proliferation Program
James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies (CNS)

Before coming to CNS, he was the Director of the Nuclear Strategy and Nonproliferation Initiative at the New America Foundation.

Prior to that, Dr. Lewis was Executive Director of the Managing the Atom Project at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Executive Director of the Association of Professional Schools of International Affairs, a Visiting Fellow at the Center for Strategic and International Studies and a desk officer in the Office of the Undersecretary of Defense for Policy. He is also a Research Scholar at the Center for International and Security Studies at the University of Maryland's School of Public Policy (CISSM).

Jessica C. Varnum

NTI Project Manager and Research Associate
James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies

Jessica C. Varnum is the NTI Project Manager and a Research Associate at the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies (CNS). Varnum manages all of CNS's work for the Nuclear Threat Initiative website, including extensive research databases on nuclear, chemical and biological weapons and their delivery systems, educational resources, country profiles, and issue briefs. She also contributes research to a number of CNS projects, focusing particularly on Turkey, and the role of U.S./NATO extended deterrence commitments in Turkish national security policies. Varnum's book chapter, "Turkey in Transition: Toward or Away from Nuclear Weapons?" appears in Forecasting Nuclear Proliferation in the 21st Century: A Comparative Perspective, an edited volume from Stanford University Press (2010). Her other research interests include U.S. nuclear policies, and the relationship between nuclear technologies and nonproliferation policy.

Varnum frequently presents her research at conferences and guest lectures, and is a participant in the Program on Strategic Stability Evaluation, a collaborative project between CNS and Georgia Tech to promote international scholarship on issues of strategic stability under deeply reduced or eliminated nuclear arsenals. She received a UC IGCC Public Policy and Nuclear Threats Summer Seminar Fellowship (2008), and the award for "Most Outstanding Paper" at the 2007 Women in International Security Summer Symposium in Washington, DC. Her work has appeared in The Nonproliferation Review and The International Herald Tribune.

Varnum has worked at CNS since 2006. She previously interned for the Center for Strategic and International Studies through the support of the Anne Armstrong Leadership Award, at the Atlantic Council of the United States, and with U.S. Senators Susan M. Collins and Olympia J. Snowe. Varnum earned an M.A. in international policy studies with a certificate in nonproliferation studies from the Monterey Institute of International Studies and graduated summa cum laude from Colby College with a B.A. in government and international studies. She is proficient in French.

Justin V Hastings

Department of Government and International Relations ~ The University of Sydney

Justin Hastings is lecturer in international relations and comparative politics in the Department of Government and International Relations at the University of Sydney, Australia. From 2008 through 2010, he was an assistant professor at Georgia Tech's Sam Nunn School of International Affairs. His research focuses on the structure and behavior of violent clandestine organizations, including terrorist groups, maritime piracy syndicates, organized crime rings, insurgent movements, and nuclear proliferation networks, primarily in East Asia. Mr. Hastings received a B.A. in public and international affairs from Princeton University and a Ph.D. in political science from the University of California, Berkeley.  

Margaret E. Kosal

Assistant Professor
Biological and Chemical Nonproliferation and Counterterrorism (Program Director) ~ Georgia Tech
Emerging Technology and Security (Program Co-Director) ~ Georgia Tech

Prof. Kosal’s research explores two interrelated areas: WMDs and emerging technologies.

On the question of understanding the impact of emerging technology on national and international security her research considers what role will nanotechnology, cognitive science, biotechnology, and converging sciences have on states, non-state actors, balance of power, deterrence postures, security doctrines, nonproliferation regimes, and programmatic choices? Focusing on potential applications of nanotechnology to chemical and biological agents, she has developed a unique set of robust technical cases in four high-level threat categories: (1) new or nano-enabled biochemical agents, (2) malfeasant exploitation of the toxicological or other deleterious health effects; (3) evasion of vaccines, innate human immunity, or other medical countermeasures; and (4) self-assembled materials and devices to molecular assemblers. Through examination of these real applications on the science (benign and defensive) and potential (notional) offensive uses of nanotechnology, she seeks to develop a model to probe the security implications of this emerging technology. The goal of the research is not to predict new specific technologies but to develop a robust analytical framework for assessing the impact of new technology on national and international security and identifying policy measures to prevent or slow proliferation of new technology – the next generation “WMD” – for malfeasant intentions.

Her other main area of research is on WMD nonproliferation, counterproliferation, counterterrorism, and consequences management. Of particular interest are questions relating to strategic national and international research on transformational approaches for development of physical and medical countermeasures to traditional and novel biological and chemical agents, risk assessment and policy response to chemical and bioterrorism, the effect of biodefense policies on the execution and management of life sciences research, the impact of non-governmental organizations and the public on international agreements, and the elimination of chemical weapons. She has investigated innovation in terrorist methods and unconventional weapons. Through model cases analysis of the threat of technological innovation by non-state actors has been considered to probe how assumptions regarding the technical capabilities of terrorists and the dissemination of technology shape policy, such as reducing the threat of improvised chemical and biological terrorism. Connected to these research efforts, she is also interested in biological deterrence theory and the role of the public and non-governmental organizations (NGO) in shaping institutions related to development and application of security-significant technology and the role of these institutions in the execution of agreements related to limiting offensive or other deleterious use of new technology.

Kosal is also Co-Director of the Program on Emerging Technology and Security and the Director of the Program on Biological and Chemical Nonproliferation and Counterterrorism within the Center for International Strategy, Technology, and Policy (CISTP). She is the author of Nanotechnology for Chemical and Biological Defense, which explores scenarios and strategies regarding the benefits and potential proliferation threats of nanotechnology and other emerging sciences for international security. Before joining the Sam Nunn School of International Affairs, Kosal was Science and Technology Advisor within the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD). She also served as the first liaison to the Biological and Chemical Defense Directorate at the Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA). She has been recognized for her leadership across the U.S. federal government, specifically for efforts to coordinate across the DoD as part of the interagency Nonproliferation and Arms Control Technology Working Group, reporting to the National Security Council; as member of the interagency federal group charged with leading the National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI); and editorial board member of Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, the leading scholarly journal of terrorism studies. Kosal was nominated to and led the U.S. involvement in the NATO Nanotechnology for Defense Working Group. Her awards include the OSD Award for Excellence, 2007 UIUC Alumni Association Recent Alumni Award, the President’s Volunteer Service Award, American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Defense Policy Fellow, and the Society of Porphyrins and Phthalocyanines Dissertation Research Award.

Nikolai Sokov

Senior Research Associate
James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies

Nikolai Sokov graduated from Moscow State University in 1981 and subsequently worked at the Institute of US and Canadian Studies and the Institute of World Economy and International Relations in Moscow. From 1987-92 he worked at the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of the Soviet Union and later Russia, and participated in START I and START II negotiations as well as in a number of summit and ministerial meetings. Nikolai has a Ph.D. from the University of Michigan (1996) and (the Soviet equivalent of a Ph.D.) Candidate of Historical Sciences degree from the Institute of World Economy and International Relations (1986).

He has published extensively on international security and arms control. Nikolai is the author of Russian Strategic Modernization: Past and Future (Rowman and Littlefield, 2000), co-author and co-editor of the first Russian-language college-level textbook on nuclear nonproliferation (Yadernoe Nerasprostranenie, Vol.I-II, PIR Center, 1st edition 2000, 2nd edition 2002), and several monographs.