David Vielhaber and Philipp C. Bleek, a review essay for the November 2012 issue of the NPR.
Strategic stability concept in its classical format inherently linked to nuclear deterrence was developed in times of global confrontation between the United States and former Soviet Union having its main purpose in preventing a large-scale nuclear conflict between the two antagonists (Cold war residual containing type of strategic stability).
Build New Strategic Relationship and Avoid Misjudgment Between China and US
According to my observation and research, China’s military modernization including nuclear force development fastened its speed since 1999 or so. There are major four factors which made Chinese leaders began to rethink the international situation and its national security environment. Firstly, frequent military interventions and regional wars in the post-Cold War years, though with various backgrounds, strengthened the role and position of the military in international relations.
The United States currently owns the world’s largest nuclear arsenal, with more than 5,000 operational nuclear weapons. Most of these weapons are located inside U .S. territory – in missile silos, on bombers, and inside storage facilities. Others sit on U.S. nuclear submarines, traversing the ocean. Sometimes forgotten, however, are the nuclear weapons that the United States stores on foreign soil. Today, more than two decades after the end of the Cold War, five countries – Belgium, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, and Turkey – host about 200 U.S. nuclear warheads.
- It is obvious that there is growing discrepancy in comprehension of strategic issues in India and Pakistan.
- Pakistan is one of the potential adversaries of India, which could have plans to use conventional and nuclear forces not only against Pakistan.
- Missile programs of India and Pakistan demonstrate different trends. India tries to expand the missile range and it works on warheads. Also it develops the naval strategic forces, working on SSNBs and sea-based missiles.
There are many evidences that India and Pakistan see the principle of minimum nuclear deterrence as a basis for their nuclear doctrines.