6: Fetisova: Policy Memo: Cooperative Strategic Stability and Strategic Culture (Case of Russia)

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Strategic stability concept in its classical format inherently linked to nuclear deterrence was developed in times of global confrontation between the United States and former Soviet Union having its main purpose in preventing a large-scale nuclear conflict between the two antagonists (Cold war residual containing type of strategic stability). In the post-Cold war environment with its new security threats including BMD and ballistic missile proliferation, there is a need for strategic stability to be refocused from maintaining mutual nuclear deterrence to mutual nuclear security which can only be reached through broad cooperation of major powers (prospective cooperative type of strategic stability). Such a model would be consolidating rather than antagonizing and would produce cooperative partners rather than adversaries / competitors. Developing a new sense of strategic stability should foresee states sharing responsibility for combating real security threats in a cooperative manner instead of reproducing inertia of old confrontational thinking.