Ongoing conflicts in Ukraine and the Middle East have given Russia an opportunity to
test the employment of electronic warfare (EW) capabilities that Moscow has developed
over the last decade in order to deter and counter military threats from the West.2 To be
sure, Western analysts have foreseen the emergence of Russia’s anti-access/area denial
capabilities, including advanced electronic counter measures (ECM), for over a decade.3
What arguably came as a surprise is the demonstrative nature of Russia’s use of these
capabilities. Since 2014, Moscow has provocatively operated EW systems in close
proximity to U.S. forces and widely publicized these developments in state-run media
organizations.4 In response to these actions, U.S./NATO officials have expressed
concerns with regard to implications for Western military operations, especially those
conducted in close quarters with Russian forces.
Anya Loukianova is a PhD candidate, School of Public Policy, University of Maryland, College Park and a graduate fellow at the Center for International and Security Studies at Maryland (CISSM).